Overview Of The Book Of Romans

Keep The Cross Central To Your FaithKeeping The Cross Central

The Lord Jesus Christ died on the cross for His people. His death and resurrection accomplished their innocence before God on the coming Day of Judgment, gives them the ability to please God now through holy living, adopts them into God’s family and means they can never be separated from God’s love.  Much else was also achieved besides this. Understanding the Cross of Christ is essential to maturity as a Christian.

The Book of Romans contains a systematic presentation of the Cross of Christ applied to the believer’s life. It gives key insight into the work of God in the soul of the believer. The “Biblical Gospel” section of the www.thechristiancontender.org.uk contains a systematic study of the book of Romans. I have divided Chapters 1 – 8 of the Book of Romans into three sections:

  1. Chapters 1 – 3, Faith in Christ Is Man’s Only Means of Salvation
  2. Chapters 4 – 6, Faith In Christ Saves Us From Sin’s Penalty
  3. Chapters 7 – 8, Faith In Christ Saves Us From Sin’s Power

Each of the tables that follow present a breakdown of the main passages  in the three sections, and the themes they contain.

1) Romans 1 – 3, Faith in Christ Is Man’s Only Means of Salvation


Main Idea and Key Text

1:18 – 32

Those who are not religious are guilty before God

“For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,” Romans 1:18

“For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse,” Romans 1:20

2:1 – 16

God judges us according to what we do and the light we have of Him

“For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law (for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified; for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves, who show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them)” Romans 2:12 – 15

2:17 – 3:8

Those who are religious are guilty before God

“You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal? You who say, “Do not commit adultery,” do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonour God through breaking the law?” Romans 2:21 – 23

3:9 – 3:20

All mankind is guilty before God

“Now we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law, that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.”
Romans 3:19,20

3:21 – 31

Being declared innocent before God requires faith in Jesus Christ

“But now the righteousness of God apart from the law is revealed, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God, through faith in Jesus Christ, to all and on all who believe.” Romans 3:21,22


2) Romans 4 – 5, Faith In Christ Saves Us From Sin’s Penalty


Main Idea and Key Texts


Salvation by Faith in Christ has Always Been God’s Way

“Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” Romans 4:3

“David also describes the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes righteousness apart from works” Romans 4:6

5:1 – 11

Salvation by Faith in Christ Brings Unshakable Peace Between God and Man

“Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.” Romans 5:1,2

5:12 – 21

Humanity Dies Because of Adam’s Sin, But God’s People Have Eternal Life Through Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ

“Therefore, as through one man’s offense, judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.  For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience, many will be made righteous.” Romans 5:18,19


3) Romans 6 – 8, Faith In Christ Saves Us From Sin’s Power


Main Idea and Key Texts


The Believers Spiritual Union With Christ Breaks Sin’s  Power Over the Believer and Grants Holiness of Life

“Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him” Romans 6:8


The Law Stimulates Sin In The Unbeliever Due To The Sinful’s Nature Power In Their Life

“I would not have known sin except through the law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the law had said, ‘You shall not covet.’ But sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner of evil desire. For apart from the law sin was dead.” Romans 7:7,8

7:14 – 25

Battling With Sin – Sinless Perfection Will not Exist for the Believer in This life

“For what I am doing, I do not understand. For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do.  If, then, I do what I will not to do, I agree with the law that it is good.  But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.  For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find.” Romans 7:15 – 18

8:1 – 17

The Reversal of Sins Effects and Adoption into God’s Family

“There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.” Romans 8:1,2

8:18 – 39

God’s Unstoppable plans For the Good of The Believer

“And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.” Romans 8:28

“For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor principalities nor powers, nor things present nor things to come, nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.” Romans 8:38,39

All scripture quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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